Adderall is prescribed “to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) [and] help people with ADHD feel more focused.” Adderall is a stimulant, which means it is a substance that speeds up the central nervous system. As a result, Adderall has many effects on the body, including raising blood pressure, body temperature, and heart rate.
Using the drug regularly can change structures in the brain and alter emotional regulation. Addiction to Adderall can lead to significant damage to the heart muscles, lungs, vascular system, and other essential organs.
Some other serious side effects of Adderall use include:
- Appetite suppression
- Heart attack
- Mood swings
- Abdominal pain
- Sexual dysfunction
- Kidney disease
- Muscle weakness
- Panic attacks
- Toxic overdose
Impact on Mood
Adderall increases certain neurotransmitters in the brain, which interferes with how they are reabsorbed into the body, creating buildup. The chemical messengers that are in charge of increasing energy levels, stimulating the brain, and creating feelings of pressure are directly impacted. These include dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin. As a result of this interference, the parts of the brain regulating emotions, internal motivation, and reward will not function properly.
When the brain is altered by a drug such as Adderall, the chemical structures in the brain begin to change. For example, less dopamine will be created in the brain, and as a result, symptoms such as anxiety, depression, and panic attacks may occur.
Physical and Psychological Impact
When someone is addicted to Adderall, they may notice they have difficulty sleeping, decreased appetite, jitters, irritability, fatigue, drug cravings, down feelings, and even thoughts of suicide. Drastic mood swings or behavioral shifts are common for people abusing Adderall. Since it is a stimulant drug, there is the possibility of triggered attacks and psychosis, including hallucinations or delusions.
When using Adderall, the body’s “fight or flight” reflex may be turned on, which can cause increased body temperature. It is possible to experience suicidal thoughts or psychotic behaviors when taking this drug medically, as directed. Recreational uses make the risks go up even more so.
Over time, the brain may not be able to experience pleasure without the chemical support of Adderall, and this will cause the body to build a tolerance. When the substance leaves the bloodstream, withdrawal and cravings may occur. There may be a lack of motivation, inability to concentrate, and schizophrenia-like symptoms. If a person already has a history of mental illness or an underlying mental health disorder, the symptoms may be heightened.
Cardiovascular and Gastrointestinal (GI) Issues
As a result of Adderall raising blood pressure and heart rate, the heart, lungs, arteries, and veins may begin to become weaker over time. These are vital organs that may be forced to work harder and under more stress over long-term use, which may cause them to become strained.
High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is commonly reported with stimulant drug abuse. Adderall use may also result in reduced lung capacity, difficulty breathing, and possible pulmonary disease, which affects the lungs and respiratory system. Chest pain, irregular heart rate, and heart palpitations may also be experienced. Those who already have heart conditions or other medical issues should stay away from Adderall completely, as it can cause heart attacks, seizures, and stroke.
The muscles in the digestive tract are slowed when using Adderall, which can cause constipation, abdominal pain, nausea, and diarrhea. The drug also decreases one’s appetite to a rather extreme level, which may cause users to suffer from unhealthy weight loss. Malnutrition can impact many vital organs and manifest as severe issues within the body.
Eating Disorders and Body Dysmorphia
If somebody starts taking Adderall and they do not have the healthiest relationship with food or their body, the negative effects may become much more extreme. Because the drug decreases a person’s appetite, extended use can result in weight loss, which may be mentally and physically detrimental for some individuals. If they begin to prefer weight loss, an eating disorder could develop.
A person may continue to take Adderall simply because it makes them feel less hungry and not eat. This is a very dangerous cycle that can lead to anorexia or other eating disorders. People may also develop body dysmorphia because of the drastic changes in their weight due to Adderall use. If someone is in recovery from an eating disorder, it is highly suggested to stay far away from Adderall or any appetite suppressing substance.
Effects of Stimulants in Those Without ADHD
For people who do not have ADHD, Adderall use floods the brain with dopamine, causing an overload. As a result, instead of feeling the calming effects that those who have ADHD may feel, it brings on euphoria instead. This euphoria often causes people to keep taking Adderall, leading to addiction.
Detox From Adderall Can Be Difficult
Detox from a substance as addictive as Adderall can be a difficult process that requires medical supervision. For more information on detox from stimulants specifically, DetoxNearMe.com maintains a regularly updated blog.
Stimulants can be incredibly addictive and extremely dangerous to the body. Detoxing from stimulants is the first step to a successful recovery. Finding a detox center for Adderall can be a stiff challenge, but with our list finding a reliable, effective detox center is easier than ever. After that, follow-up treatment at an addiction center or a drug rehab is necessary.
Get started on the recovery journey today with DetoxNearMe.com today!